A new study from JAMA Oncology says a high-fiber diet and yogurt can lower the risk of lung cancer. The study involved more than 1.4 million adults. The study found that people in the highest one-fifth fiber intake had a 17 percent lower risk of lung cancer of those than in the lowest one-fifth. People who ate the most yogurt were 19 percent less likely to develop lung cancer than those who ate none. People with both the highest fiber and yogurt intake had a 33 percent less risk than those who had the least.

Nicholas Bakalar wrote this article and explained how fiber and yogurt work together to promote a healthy gut. Bakalar told how the study worked and the statistics with in it. He got to the point to tell the audience the important things the study found. He ended with a quote from the senior author, Dr. Xiao-Ou Shu of Vanderbilt University explaining how fiber and yogurt work together.

The Police reported Richard Brunson, groom of Laurette Kenny Brunson, shot his wife in the abdomen three hours after their wedding yesterday. She threw a plate of macaroni salad in his face at the wedding reception at their home when three of her kids were there. They lived in the house for 4-5 months together before being married on Saturday. Laurette Brunson is in “satisfactory condition” at St. Luke’s Hospital. Richard Brunson is still missing because when the police arrived on scene he was gone. The following quotes are from neighbors, Marilyn and Walter Corse.

Duke University found the same molecules in humans as the ones in salamanders and other animals. This molecule called microRNA is more active in animals, but if developed into a way to help repair joint cartilage in humans, it could be life-changing.

Researchers found that cartilage repair happens faster in ankle joints compared to hips and knees. The “age” of this cartilage could be determined by newly created proteins in tissues in the body. Ankle cartilage is considered young while hip cartilage is old.

The discovery compares with how people get arthritis symptoms worse in hips and knees compared to ankles. Ankles also heal faster than hips and knees comparable to limb repair in animals. The ends of legs or tails regenerate faster in animals.

Molecules called microRNA regulate the process of regenerating joint cartilage and are found in both humans and animals. MicroRNAs are more active in animals known for fin or tail repair, like salamanders.

 Virginia Byers Kraus, a professor in the departments of Medicine, Pathology, and Orthopedic Surgery at Duke says, “”We believe that an understanding of this ‘salamander-like’ regenerative capacity in humans, and the critically missing components of this regulatory circuit, could provide the foundation for new approaches to repair joint tissues and possibly whole human limbs.”

Researchers are now looking for ways to boost these regulators for cartilage and turn it into a medicine.

The KWWL news station for eastern Iowa covered the Hawkeye 26-20 win in a different way than the Sioux City Journal.

The Iowa Hawkeyes won 26-20 against Purdue at home last Saturday and KWWL reports it with updates and clips of every quarter. The news station mentioned that the Wisconsin win over Illinois puts Iowa only one game back in the Big Ten west.

A reporter was reporting from the field after the game with the empty stands and it was followed by interviews and the Hawkeyes standings.

The Sioux City Journal focused on the game clinching touchdown from Makhi Sargent and his thoughts. The journalist, Steve Batterson, covered Sargent’s year and how early fumble in the year makes him want to move forward by working at practice and build on his success.

The article mentioned a starter, Landan Paulsen, from a local town and a quote from him. He is a familiar name for the area.

The article ended with quotes after the game from Sargent and the head coach, Kirk Ferentz who said, “We still have work to do.”

The coverage in both ways had different focuses, but gave the audiences what they needed.


The ACT is going to allow students to retake certain sections of the four-part test that usually takes three hours. Officials say this will be available in September of 2020. There is a writing section that is the fifth optional test part and takes about forty-five minutes. Students can retake this, also. The scores of the four test sections are put into an average composite score. If taken multiple times, the highest composite score a student has may not reflect their best individual section scores. Individual section test-taking will allow for putting their best scores together for a “superscore.” Some schools do superscoring, but now students will not have to send in multiple tests.

Anemona Hartocollis wrote this article on October 8th to talk about this new system/option for students. She explained all the things above and quoted an ACT spokesman who said, “We’re trying to save them time. We’re trying to save them money.”  She told how it applies to high school students trying to apply for colleges and get their scores up. Hartocollis questions whether colleges will evaluate scores by whether they were achieved at one sitting or as a superscore. She also introduces the idea that students may be able to take the test online and get results faster. She puts the article together by explaining how the ACT works now and how the changes will improve the experience.

            Yesterday, Greta Thunberg told the U.N. that the science behind climate change is clear and that action needs to be taken. She expresses the urgency of the fact that rising temperatures could turn into mass extinction.

She gives her message from the view of the younger generation who will be affected the most by climate change. Thunberg said, “You are failing us. But the young people are starting to understand your betrayal.”

Thunberg looks at the years of science that tells that rising climates could end in catastrophe. If emissions are cut in half in the next ten years, there is a 50% chance of staying away from the cutoff of irreversible damage. Thunberg said, “So a 50% risk is simply not acceptable to us – we who have to live with the consequences.” She wants a better chance than 50%.

She is frustrated that the U.N. has not acted to cut emissions and they pretend climate change can be solved “with just ‘business as usual’ and some technical solutions.”

She ends by saying, “We will not let you get away with this.” Thunberg used this speech as a warning that her generation will not be forgiving if no one helps stop climate change.

Morningside has a garden on campus that is maintained by students and staff to provides opportunities for the Morningside community. The agriculture department plays a big role in the garden’s success to give food to the cafeteria.

The garden was started with a small match grant from The Wellmark Foundation for $10,000 to start everything. They also requested and got $5,000 from the Morningside student government to help. [talk to Tom Paulsen and how the garden started and his experience with it]

The 3500 square foot garden was started in 2018 and grew potatoes, carrots, white onions, radishes, and an assortment of herbs. Most of these vegetables were sold to Sodexo, the food service management company for Morningside and the garden’s main purchaser. These vegetables were served in the campus cafeteria.

The same vegetables were grown in 2019, but squash, green beans, eggplant, and zucchini were added into the garden. There are raised beds and in-ground beds. These plants are grown during the summer and fall seasons to be ready for harvest in the latter.

Dee McKenna, the manager of the garden oversees the interns who work in the garden and keeps track of the work put into the garden. She ensures the garden is being taken care of and creates opportunities for people to visit and spend time learning in the garden. She spends time working with the Morningside students and says, “They all come to the garden with different experiences and expectations.”

            There are “workshops” for local elementary schools to visit and learn about gardening. There are days when various classes visit the garden and see what impact the garden is making and makes people aware of what the agriculture department is doing. The garden is hands-on and unlike other experiences on campus.

            The interns from the agriculture department do a lot to maintain the garden. They spend hours in the garden in the summer and fall to take care of it for harvest season. They keep it clean and make sure they produce high quality vegetables for Sodexo. Some leftover vegetables go to other organizations like the Gospel Mission or Food Bank of Siouxland.

            The interns learn a lot and gain experience from taking care of the garden’s needs. [talk about what intern Lou has to say]

            Threats to the garden are rabbits, insects, and people who come and take vegetables or flowers. The raised beds of flowers are there to attract bees and butterflies for pollination. People will come and pick the flowers for their own. McKenna says the rabbits are the biggest issue because they get into the in-ground beds and eat all the fresh plants and vegetables.

            The garden is made possible by students each day and they enjoy doing it. [Last paragraph Dee: “Seriously, I absolutely love my job. The students make it the best.”]

The Red Meat Controversy

October 3, 2019

Red meat has had some backlash from organizations, but four new studies say otherwise. The Department of Agriculture and World Health Organization have urged everyone to eat less red meat. These studies report, “there is no compelling evidence that reducing consumption of red or processed meats will be beneficial to an individual.” The studies say that nutrition studies are difficult because human nutrition is a complex system and it is hard to know what someone is eating. There are some findings on health benefits from cutting back red meat, but these studies question the other studies. The studies of red meat are flawed and do not have controlled variables.

            This article by Gina Kolata, tells the audience that major organizations urge people to eat less dark meat. She discusses five takeaways from the debate. The standards for these nutritional studies are not as structured as a scientific one. Kolata expresses that the audience should be aware of the difference. She ends with a section titled “We’re all going to have to live with some uncertainty about what to eat.” She quotes from the studies to show the audience both sides.