A new study found that women who get less than five hours of sleep during menopause have an increased risk of osteoporosis. The report came from the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. It compared over 5,000 women. With bone scans, they found lower bone mineral density and higher odds of osteoporosis at the hip, spine and total body for those with less than five hours of sleep. They were compared to women with over seven hours of sleep. The study was controlled for age, menopausal symptoms, physical activity and were generally healthy. The author of the report notes that the study does not prove the link. The study says short sleep and osteoporosis are linked.

Nicholas Bakalar wrote this short article on November 20, 2019. He told the conclusion of the study right away and how many women in each sleep category. Bakalar explained the bone scan results and that the study was controlled with similar women. He included a quote from the lead author, an associate professor of epidemiology at the University at Buffalo. Bakalar included the note from the authors that the study shows a link, but it is possible for other conditions to influence sleep and bone health.

Description of a Conversation

November 18, 2019

My last conversation was with Lindsay Williams at the Spoonholder Cafe. Lindsay is a girl with a tall, athletic build and curly brown hair and had her Sodexo polo on. She said “Hey Crop, what can I get for ya today?” in a raised voice to make sure I heard her over the counter. I told her my order and she asked if that was all I wanted. I said “Yeah, thanks.”

I then told her that my Snapchat memories this morning gave me a notification of a video from one year ago today. I said “It was when we saw a squirrel outside the caf one time.” She had a confused look on her face like she didn’t remember, so I showed her the video. It was a video of her trying to get as close as she could to a squirrel. After I showed her she said, “Oh my gosh, I forgot about that,” and laughed. I said, “Yeah, me too,” and walked to the other side of the counter to wait for my coffee from the other worker.

Kodak Black Headed to Prison

November 13, 2019

Black, a Florida rapper, was sentenced to 46 months in prison after a guilty plea on weapons charges. He admitted to lying on background check forms on a gun that was fired at another rapper. This gun had Black’s fingerprints and a live round in the chamber. His guilty plea went with this gun and multiple firearms at two different times this year. He also was charged with unlawful possession of marijuana and criminal possession of a firearm in April.

Joe Coscarelli wrote this article about the Florida rapper Kodak Black on November 13th. He started out with the recent news on the rapper and worked to his past criminal charges. He included the details of charges that lead to his sentence that got reduced from ten years. The rapper has had success and the charges have built up. Coscarelli explained his past charges from criminal sexual charges to marijuana possession.

Story #3

November 12, 2019

The Popeyes fried chicken sandwich made its return after a 2-month shortage nationwide. The sandwich was back on November 3rd after the company did not realize how high demand for it would be. Popeyes had estimated to be prepared for the demand for the sandwich through September, but ran out of inventory at the end of August. The company has stabilized the supply chain for the product and is confident they will meet the demand as a permanent menu item. The shortage of the sandwich also left Popeyes employees working tirelessly and dealing with threatening customers.

Terry Nguyen wrote this article on November 5th and started by explaining the shortage. He mentioned how customers sometimes waited over an hour for their order. But, ordering off the Popeyes mobile app allowed customers to skip the lines. He told of incidents where customers fought over who cut in line and a man stabbed someone to death. Nguyen talked about the rivalry with Chik-fil-A and how Popeyes will keep up with demand. Nguyen covered how Popeyes will move on from the shortage and all the things surrounding it.


As a junior at Morningside, Barrus has found herself thriving in the theater instead of the softball field. She came to Morningside after high school to play softball, but quickly realized her passion was on the stage.

Since joining theater she is in the theater honor society and pursuing a major in mass communication and journalism. The major goes with her interest in the news and media, especially lifestyle, sports and fashion.

In her free time, she likes to hang out with friends and travel. She even spent her summer in California, away from home in Iowa, working at a wood-fire pizza company.

A new study from JAMA Oncology says a high-fiber diet and yogurt can lower the risk of lung cancer. The study involved more than 1.4 million adults. The study found that people in the highest one-fifth fiber intake had a 17 percent lower risk of lung cancer of those than in the lowest one-fifth. People who ate the most yogurt were 19 percent less likely to develop lung cancer than those who ate none. People with both the highest fiber and yogurt intake had a 33 percent less risk than those who had the least.

Nicholas Bakalar wrote this article and explained how fiber and yogurt work together to promote a healthy gut. Bakalar told how the study worked and the statistics with in it. He got to the point to tell the audience the important things the study found. He ended with a quote from the senior author, Dr. Xiao-Ou Shu of Vanderbilt University explaining how fiber and yogurt work together.

The Police reported Richard Brunson, groom of Laurette Kenny Brunson, shot his wife in the abdomen three hours after their wedding yesterday. She threw a plate of macaroni salad in his face at the wedding reception at their home when three of her kids were there. They lived in the house for 4-5 months together before being married on Saturday. Laurette Brunson is in “satisfactory condition” at St. Luke’s Hospital. Richard Brunson is still missing because when the police arrived on scene he was gone. The following quotes are from neighbors, Marilyn and Walter Corse.

Duke University found the same molecules in humans as the ones in salamanders and other animals. This molecule called microRNA is more active in animals, but if developed into a way to help repair joint cartilage in humans, it could be life-changing.

Researchers found that cartilage repair happens faster in ankle joints compared to hips and knees. The “age” of this cartilage could be determined by newly created proteins in tissues in the body. Ankle cartilage is considered young while hip cartilage is old.

The discovery compares with how people get arthritis symptoms worse in hips and knees compared to ankles. Ankles also heal faster than hips and knees comparable to limb repair in animals. The ends of legs or tails regenerate faster in animals.

Molecules called microRNA regulate the process of regenerating joint cartilage and are found in both humans and animals. MicroRNAs are more active in animals known for fin or tail repair, like salamanders.

 Virginia Byers Kraus, a professor in the departments of Medicine, Pathology, and Orthopedic Surgery at Duke says, “”We believe that an understanding of this ‘salamander-like’ regenerative capacity in humans, and the critically missing components of this regulatory circuit, could provide the foundation for new approaches to repair joint tissues and possibly whole human limbs.”

Researchers are now looking for ways to boost these regulators for cartilage and turn it into a medicine.

The KWWL news station for eastern Iowa covered the Hawkeye 26-20 win in a different way than the Sioux City Journal.

The Iowa Hawkeyes won 26-20 against Purdue at home last Saturday and KWWL reports it with updates and clips of every quarter. The news station mentioned that the Wisconsin win over Illinois puts Iowa only one game back in the Big Ten west.

A reporter was reporting from the field after the game with the empty stands and it was followed by interviews and the Hawkeyes standings.

The Sioux City Journal focused on the game clinching touchdown from Makhi Sargent and his thoughts. The journalist, Steve Batterson, covered Sargent’s year and how early fumble in the year makes him want to move forward by working at practice and build on his success.

The article mentioned a starter, Landan Paulsen, from a local town and a quote from him. He is a familiar name for the area.

The article ended with quotes after the game from Sargent and the head coach, Kirk Ferentz who said, “We still have work to do.”

The coverage in both ways had different focuses, but gave the audiences what they needed.